overview

Overview

Pneumococcal pneumonia is an infectious, 2 potentially serious bacterial 2 lung disease 3 you can catch anytime, anywhere. 4 In severe cases, it can put you in the hospital 2 and even be life-threatening. 3

Pneumococcal pneumonia can be passed from person to person. 5 You can catch it from a cough or close contact. 5

Many people think it is a cold or the flu, 6 but it is not.

Unlike a cold or the flu, which are caused by viruses, 6 pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by bacteria. 6 Symptoms can be severe 3 and hit you without warning. 4 In fact, it can take weeks for symptoms to resolve. 1^ The cough and fatigue may last for weeks and longer. 1^

^Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens found in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) 7

References

1. Wyrwich. WK, et al. Observational longitudinal study of symptom burden and time for recovery from community-acquired pneumonia reported by older adults surveyed nationwide using the CAP Burden of Illness Questionnaire. Patient Related Outcome Measures 2015:6 215–223.

2.CDC Pink Book 13th ed 2015 (Ch17) https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/pneumo.html ( accessed 6th Aug 2020)

3. CDC Pneumococcal symptoms and complications https://www.cdc.gov/pneumococcal/about/symptoms-complications.html ( Accessed 27th Aug 2020)

4.. American Lung association. https://www.lung.org/blog/you-can-still-get-pneumonia-in-summer#:~:text=In%20fact%2C%20pneumococcal%20pneumonia%20can,pneumonia%20is%20called%20pneumococcal%20pneumonia (Accessed 6th Aug 2020)

5. CDC How to prevent pneumococcal factsheet, https://www.cdc.gov/pneumococcal/resources/prevent-pneumococcal-factsheet.pdf ( accessed 3rd Aug 2020)

6.National heart and lung and blood institute -pneumonia diagnosis. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pneumonia. (Accessed 27th Aug 2020)

7. Jain.S, et al. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospitalization among U.S. Adults N Engl J Med 2015;373:415-27.

causes

Causes

Many people think you get pneumonia in the hospital, but hospitals are not the only places you can catch it.2
In fact, it’s more common to catch pneumonia, including pneumococcal pneumonia, while you are out in the community going about your everyday life.2

Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by bacteria, not a virus. 2

The most common bacteria that causes pneumococcal pneumonia is called Streptococcus pneumoniae.2

The bacteria can spread from person to person through coughing or close contact. 3 When the bacteria get into the lungs, they can cause some of the alveoli (air sacs in the lungs) to become inflamed and fill with mucus. 2 This is what causes pneumococcal pneumonia symptoms such as chest pain, coughing, and difficulty breathing.2

^Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens found in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) 4

References

1.Wyrwich. WK, et al. Observational longitudinal study of symptom burden and time for recovery from community-acquired pneumonia reported by older adults surveyed nationwide using the CAP Burden of Illness Questionnaire. Patient Related Outcome Measures 2015:6 215–223.

2.National heart and lung and blood institute -Pneumonia 2016 https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pneumonia ( Accessed 6th Aug 2020)

3.CDC How to prevent pneumococcal factsheet, https://www.cdc.gov/pneumococcal/resources/prevent-pneumococcal-factsheet.pdf (Accessed 3rd Aug 2020)

4.Jain.S, et al. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospitalization among U.S. Adults N Engl J Med 2015;373:415-27.

symptoms

Symptoms

The symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia can come on suddenly. 2 Symptoms generally include an abrupt onset of fever and chills or rigors. 2 It can take weeks for symptoms such as tiredness, weakness and shortness of breath to resolve. 1^

SYMPTOMS OF PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA3

Hand icon

Roll over the graphic to see some of the many ways pneumococcal pneumonia can affect your body.

Tap the graphic to see some of the many ways pneumococcal pneumonia can affect your body.

one two

High fever

Shaking chills

Chest pain

Difficulty in breathing

Phlegmy cough

^Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens found in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) 4

References

1.Wyrwich .WK, et al. Observational longitudinal study of symptom burden and time for recovery from community-acquired pneumonia reported by older adults surveyed nationwide using the CAP Burden of Illness Questionnaire. Patient Related Outcome Measures 2015:6 215–223

2.CDC Pink Book 13th ed 2015 (Ch17) https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/pneumo.html ( accessed 6th Aug 2020)

3.National heart and lung and blood institute -Pneumonia 2016 https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pneumonia ( Accessed 6th Aug 2020)

4.Jain.S, et al. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospitalization among U.S. Adults N Engl J Med 2015;373:415-27

severity

Severity

Pneumococcal pneumonia can take you out of your daily routine for several weeks. 1^ In severe cases, it can put you in the hospital. 2 The average hospital stay is 14 days. 3 Symptoms may vary for certain populations. Some people are at risk of developing more severe pneumonia or fatal complications. 4

At 65 or older, the risk of hospitalization with pneumococcal pneumonia is over 6X* greater than adults aged 18–49. 5

You may still feel the impact of the symptoms for days to months after onset of illness 1^

Lungs image

Part of the lung becomes inflamed and fills up with mucus, 4 causing difficulty breathing. 2,4

*Risk is dependent on individual risk profile. (healthy; adults included those without evidence of any high-risk or at-risk condition, At risk; adults included those who were immunocompetent with 1 or more chronic medical conditions or high risk ; adults included those who were immunocompromised or had a cochlear implant) 5

^Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens found in community acquired pneumonia (CAP)6

References

1.Wyrwich .WK, et al. Observational longitudinal study of symptom burden and time for recovery from community-acquired pneumonia reported by older adults surveyed nationwide using the CAP Burden of Illness Questionnaire. Patient Related Outcome Measures 2015:6 215–223

2.CDC Pink Book 13th ed 2015 (Ch17) https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/pneumo.html ( accessed 6th Aug 2020)

3.Michelin.L,et al. Mortality and costs of pneumococcal pneumonia in adults: a cross-sectional studyJ Bras Pneumol. 2019;45(6):e20180374

4. National heart and lung and blood institute -Pneumonia 2016 https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pneumonia ( Accessed 6th Aug 2020)

5.Pelton.SI, et al. Decline in Pneumococcal Disease Attenuated in Older Adults and Those With Comorbidities Following Universal Childhood PCV13 Immunization.CID 2019;68(11):1831–8

6.Jain.S, et al. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospitalization among U.S. Adults N Engl J Med 2015;373:415-27.